## Friday, August 31, 2007

### Matches Piles Puzzle

The matches piles puzzle , actually a game that is very widely played

The game is as follows:
Make three piles of matches, the first pile containing three matches
the second containing four matches
the third containing five matches...

Each player can pick any number of matches from any but one of the pile on his/her turn. For example player 1 picks 1 match from pile 1 , player 2 picks 3 from pile 2 etc...
Both the players keep on picking the matches one by one on their turns. The one picking the last match will be the looser

Given that all the players play a perfect game, who amongst the player starting first and second will win the game!!
---

## Thursday, August 30, 2007

### The Triangle Rearrangement Puzzle

You must have come across this puzzle many a times that said you have a triangle that have different tiles arranged in it. Now when you rearrange those tiles in the same triangle there is a place in the triangle that is unfilled. Now how can that happen?? Try it make cut outs on paper , rearrange them. It really happens, the first triangle was completely filled but later there is a tile of 1x1 size missing in the triangle
The puzzle rearrangement of triangle is as follows:Now how is that possible?

Solution to the so called Triangle Rearrangement or Disappearing Tile Puzzle (click here) :

It just looks as if the both the triangles are of same size, but actually they are not. There is only a slight difference in both the triangles which you tend to miss out even when you try them on paper cut outs, thinking that you were not perfect with cutting!!
The main difference comes in the inclined line of the triangle, i.e. the slope of the line.
The small change is slope is from 0.4 to 0.375. This small change is enough to accommodate the area of 1x1 area in the triangle.

---

## Wednesday, August 29, 2007

### My Stupid Suicide Plan - CHETAN BHAGAT

Found somewhere!! Really tells the story of most of the IITians. May not always be the suicidal but it comes as i have seen in my IIT Tenure, may it be a topper or average or loser. It really have a darker side. Many of the successful and unsuccessful don't even come to notice. Even the person 3-4 rooms away wont even know it. So here it is by Chetan Bhagat :

Last week, an IITian committed suicide. People who commit suicide do it when they feel there's no future. But wait, isn't IIT the one place where a bright and shining future is a foregone conclusion? It just doesn't add up, does it? Why would a young, hardworking, bright student who has the world ahead of him do something like this? But the answer is this-in our constant reverence for the great institution (and I do believe IITs are great), we forget the dark side. And the dark side is that the IITs are afflicted by the quintessential Indian phenomenon of academic pressure, probably the highest in the world.

I can rant about the educational system and how it requires serious fixing, or I can address the immediate-try my best to prevent such suicides. For this column I have chosen the latter, and I do so with a personal story.

News of a suicide always brings back one particular childhood memory. I was 14 years old when I first seriously contemplated suicide. I had done badly in chemistry in the Class X half yearly exam. I was an IIT aspirant, and 68% was nowhere near what an IIT candidate should be getting. I don't know what had made me screw up the exam, but I did know this, I was going to kill myself. The only debate was about method.

Ironically, chemistry offered a way. I had read about copper sulphate, and that it was both cheap and poisonous. Copper sulphate was available at the kirana store. I had it all worked out.

My rationale for killing myself was simple-nobody loved me, my chemistry score was awful, I had no future and what difference would it make to the world if I was not there. I bought the copper sulphate for two rupees-probably the cheapest exit strategy in the world.
I didn't do it for two reasons. One, I had a casual chat with the aunty next door about copper sulphate, and my knowledgeable aunty knew about a woman who had died that way. She said it was the most painful death possible, all your veins burst and you suffer for hours. This tale made my insides shudder. Second, on the day I was to do it, I noticed a street dog outside my house being teased by the neighborhood kids as he hunted for scraps of food. Nobody loved him. It would make no difference to the world if the dog wasn't there. And I was pretty sure that its chemistry score would be awful. Yet, the dog wasn't trotting off to the kirana store. He was only interested in figuring out a strategy for his next meal. And when he was full, he merely curled up in a corner with one eye open, clearly content and not giving a damn about the world. If he wasn't planning to die anytime soon what the hell was I ranting about? I threw the copper sulphate in the bin. It was the best two bucks I ever wasted.

So why did I tell you this story? Because sometimes the pressure gets too much; like it did for the IITian who couldn't take it no more. On the day he took that dreadful decision, his family and friends were shattered, and India lost a wonderful, bright child. And as the silly but true copper sulphate story tells you-it could happen to any of us or those around us. So please be on the lookout, if you see a distressed young soul, lend a supportive, non-judgmental ear. When I look back, I thank that aunt and that dog for unwittingly saving my life. If God wanted us to take our own life, he would have provided a power off button. He didn't, so have faith and let his plan for you unfold. Because no matter how tough life gets and how much it hurts, if street dogs don't give up, there is no reason why we, the smart species, should. Makes sense right?

Really makes sense!!

## Monday, August 27, 2007

### Lights out Puzzle Revisited - the solution

Solution to the puzzle game Lights out Puzzle posted on 10th June 2007

Looking at the puzzle from a mathematical perspective, with a small board like this we can solve the problem on paper. The way would be to formulate this problem as a system of linear simultaneous equations in modulo 2 number system. Then it can be solved using gaussian ellimination or if the matrix comes out to be symmetric cholesky decomposition can also be used.
Since, for different board (bulb) configurations matrix doesn't change, a single LU (or some similar) decomposition will suffice. Once, we have such decomposition available, all board configurations can be easily solved easily on paper.

The other generic way for solving any board size for such puzzles is the following C Program based on exponential complexity!! If the problem is really solvable, the program is sufficient to do this.
---

## Sunday, August 26, 2007

### Zero a Million Puzzle

The Zero a Million Puzzle - How to win!!!
In the new TV game-show "Zero to a Million", each player chooses a number in the range from 0 to 1,000,000. The mean of all the numbers is calculated and the mean is multiplied by 2/3. The person who chose the number closest to the result wins.

1. In order to maximize your odds of winning, which number would you choose?

2. If only integers were allowed, how would this affect your choice?

3. What would you choose if the prize equaled the winner's number in dollars?

4. What would you choose if the range was from zero to infinity, but the prize was a fixed dollar amount?
---

## Saturday, August 25, 2007

### How to survive changes - Corporate Lessons

Lesson 1:
A crow was sitting on a tree, doing nothing all day.
A small rabbit saw the crow, and asked him, "Can I also sit like you and do nothing all day long?”
The crow answered: "Sure, why not.”
So, the rabbit sat on the ground below the crow, and rested.
All of a sudden, a fox appeared, Jumped on the rabbit... and ate it.

Moral of the story :
To be sitting and doing nothing you must be sitting very, very high up.

Lesson 2:
A turkey was chatting with a bull.
"I would love to be able to get to the top of that tree," sighed the turkey, "but I haven't got the energy.”
"Well, why don't you nibble on some of my droppings?" replied the bull. They're packed with nutrients."
The turkey pecked at a lump of dung and found that it actually gave him enough strength to reach the first branch of the tree.
The next day, after eating more dung, he reached the second branch. Finally after a fortnight, there he was proudly perched at the top of the tree Soon he was spotted by a farmer Who promptly shot the turkey out of the tree.

Moral of the story:
Bullshit might get you to the top, but it won't keep you there.

Lesson 3:
A little bird was flying south for the winter.
It was so cold, the bird froze and fell to the ground in a large field.
While it was lying there, a cow came by and dropped some dung on it.
As the frozen bird lay there in the pile of cow dung, it began to realise how warm it was. The dung was actually thawing him out!
He lay there all warm and happy, and soon began to sing for joy.
A passing cat heard the bird singing and came to investigate.
Following the sound, the cat discovered the bird under the pile of cow dung, and promptly dug him out and ate him!

Moral of the story:
1) Not everyone who drops shit on you is your enemy.
2) Not everyone who gets you out of shit is your friend.
3) And when you're in deep shit,

---

## Tuesday, August 21, 2007

### The LOVE/HATE/LIKE Puzzle -- Awesome

The seemingly easy puzzle.
Love ever hate you me like heart for if u never in life. Didnt get it??
Its a jumbled line.
love / ever / hate / you / me / like / heart / for / if / u / never / in / life
Rearrange to make it a meaningful sentence. That sure will give your mind a jugglery. Please dont stop in the middle give it your best
---

## Monday, August 20, 2007

### Cryptanalysis Puzzler

Crack the following crypted format .... Great to juggle over your mind

Qbpk lphh l mblbvyvg krziee, jvttj M rcajvrxx hets oav krhrt,
Wike alvd e sinoet tho cnzwbmg ivlpur us tzzlsvhrt coky,
Hhbts V fcqkey, vrgezj vftrwam, juwxpneg huwfr jahm n zndaqsk,
Cg bl jofy znx osalzl yakxvtt, flxumpu nz dy vblmumf qgce.
`'Ain absr jtanxqf,' V sltmycew, `bochwan ao ul iuoxjjv fcbx -
Fnes ehba, oav bbahdvt sbfp.'

Im, hkggoecmfj I kmarepry io eny vb epj fnsnq Uevyxbxz,
Oav snjh nmcgeoem ickbt kdbxl hrhcuul wgz gcwfz hdzv ylg tyufr.
Xurektm V owfoey buk zcczta; - xovtcy B bld lwitzh gv bjzeuj
Tcwr qa pbubs loccxigr gt fvrmwj - ybfcwb jqf gnv lhme Lxvcew -
Tby tcm eges lvi vcrvget futdxv kuga goe vvtkyg yirif Zrtfrx -
Hlmxtsfk vrye awe kiscutvg.

Oaj khx mtldmb fsr huczzggvb ccxxnwam ff xunh icfcds pbroivt
Gvcqqpgr zk - wiefpd fm kvlv shnoifzvq emwvqff tvvxl qeeb prxcel;
Sj bugg bze, ys uhvrc tay metbway cs ty cmnxg, W dbtsf frvvamcyg
`'Mqg fgar cinqgue sybwichvtx egncagks nl al jhvuoke rzww -
Wqar rrtx ptsbbce wbgyevbvtt sybwepqr gk mr wsafjse vcby; -
Tcqf og wd, ish pcgnznz gzrx,'

Xfrksaalt ul ybiw owiy ggxfnzyc; hxawgshvug oprt ac wwskgf,
`Foi,' stco I, `hz Anvoz, arptl ebic ntviwikeelm T ifxzbjs;
Obt opr lnqe qx M yof trpicyg, tvr fg urutgg luh qluj vcdcoeg,
Tho sh novfhyf yjc pgzs eiutkbt, zrpicyg tb al uvntbzz qubf,
Epfx K gpgicx qls lcfr A vrhry gba' - uscm N srsaku wbxp tam rbgf; -
Qhrfvryf hsmwi, cbq tftacyg fwfr.

Vsrw iibb zuoe lfvmbryj pxycigo, zbfu V ztjwq zuscm bsprrxznz, zpakqbt,
Vchitdvt, jeslunri rekrml hz mhzhnd silr yiekq hz lwica okwoky
Mum bvr kwylnxm jgf iyjwsmsa, ged mbp dtzyawgf naqm au gcvms,
Epr gnv ogfj whzr gzsel skwxka kla ylg kuojpxlpd pwfq, `Dsavrz!'
Buof W hpnwrseku, agx ln xkvb eietummq hnqv bmi ycej, `Cegice!'
Fmfrdm goin iaj acepnri abxv.

Btwv igbc gzs poahjrx gicvnri, oyr dy lifl pqhuab zl bpzaoau,
Dwtr cunoe I aylrw i hnhdvug nwzkjvlb qswrrx khth meywfr.
`Kiellt,' anoq W, `dcwinm gnrt bm dofmhuabt ht hg joarze qevhviv;
Lxn xe lms gzsa, dhvb gnrfpiy mu, oaj khbm xylbseq skwljzr -
Rrh xg micfg hv smcwl t uczwbg hny buof ajayitm rdglhlp; -
'Tba huw kvud vvq tbhsqsk ocek!'

Fpxh sekm W sdian tcm fnhhemw, ajsa, czta glnr i tyafg hny nyaghpz,
Nr vvrxv smyapxl o flogllt znbrb zn ylg gnoetes oara cs qcel.
Njb gnr zpixx qprojagwp mtls uw; bba a hqaags dbttrsq ui smujew ps;
Omh, jptc uvka cq ttvf ce rrdr, jprvpsq spbce hg pnnammw hqce -
Vvrvbpd nxca s phzt jn Cgyzla oyuh nhfvx gj caiaowf qvom -
Xrxpvpl, frf gnz, rnw hztaqbt ecel.

Tcma zuwd mgspm ooid uyrubtway al zay nntpm tvys uavrznz,
Vj tam uesjr hny agkeb omhstiz uw tay nonvhrfoaje db jues,
`Eptyiv gnp ckydt um gugfa hny augisy, bmsw,' W fgzd, `tle snzs ag qehvzv.
Tnngetd ktwz ged thnixvh esjru wvvqkewyo kvqa gnv nbasteg gugfr -
Aegt zk jvlb yla zbxulr hlmx qg bf hul Ndouz'f Dwcyspwnt jhhlp!'
Qnwhu lvr yaqma, `Trjpzrsts.'

Zath B glromzywr goin camnwytd jqky zf hxuc dbaqbmffl sj xygvbwg,
Ylqitn ztl uyspmf yahgse hmntvbr - tnxvzr xvlxplnvg pbjs;
Svr rm pgabzb mind nmiexcyg mpog fc ypvdvt nhalv gikbt
Kmek spt pig odsfzey evzu gpmnri pvxu auige aqg pzoziem lbue -
Ptzi st prgjt tvzvx bvr kqhspocekq pfay edcik yil wsafjse vcby,
Wdbu yhqs vfqg of `Tvvxlxokm.'

Phl hul rvdrt, fwebnri zbtvlr iy tam dysqvk bpag, yccvm trnm,
Gnrt hhp whzr, nk ws oin abay wy bmev cak nokx se wqr bmhcvum.
Vbzuwyo kythuki tayy hx chgwfrk - njb n lroepjv vvrt ye yfftmmfrv -
Hvsl D apgeqptd qqfr zyag gftmmfrv `Cgoem neorboa mexs srfwg vpfhzs -
Bf hul mjzeuj kttq lg zrgme fy, ls fg vbhsf oaqm srbky jjjqfr.'
Zyeg nse uqfq kovk, `Nzdrxzccm.'

Xxcfgrvd tn ehx ahvdzalsn jeuxsy jd vgdye jo tjelr adbcsa,
`Kopjgrrgd,' afmf W, `jnrt bn ftmmff ag vas jvye fhzkp epr fzfrx,
Wluzph sjcz zohm htuoaxd qcggki waix uguseuwsbl yqfgfhpz
Ksnzbcvd yudt tvr sgzyvwzl sgfhpz ymnz uoj shhrs hvs omfqln wwek -
Gwwt ylg rvxxel iq hba vbhs goao urrnbnptpa phxueg vzrx
Wt "Awjry-nzdrxzccm."'

Gyv huk iaoyy smqzy tstbigqam nzw ud wcr full bheo luwyabt,
Ztmivmuh T emigzrj r cnmsihvsq ksna ii neuah zn gmtr ntu bnme agl rbgf;
Goei, ccua hsm ainjrz jigetnz, Q prlcbr mtarrs hz tnrmwam
Wagwj ugbc ssbpf, tcqaqvbr emev huoj ofcyona pvjr bm yjzr -
Cuoe bmmu ueod, ugaligtm, tsiaa, ail bsvbzcx fkfq uw yhlp
Mxibg ab pyovsvtt `Bpdjvocek.'

Khbm T stb sayotld dv targdqsk, dig tf srfwauts rpdelsnqam
Gc epj jqky cyoly qixzm rqsf uor jhxaso qsxq al hfshg'd chzs;
Gzwf hny ubxr W diy hkjvtznz, qtta um uwoq ht zifk esntnrkbt
Ue tay nulpwbf'g illqmg rvbtvl xjog zye euxp-equul uyvaomq u'rf,
Mcy ajcfk meeppt oqcywh ypndvt cvhs bmi nozv-cizbe gewogabt v'em,
Auk fvltq ttsfy, rh, gygekucew!

Huln, hmgnbirpy, xjs noi gkyh dxvgrj, dryfpurj sfzu fr wbfkvn vyysxz
Gjmbt iy Nmegcvtu blqgr lfom-zllea hvfyyld jv gnr hfnyif tyufr.
`Plptvp,' W pjwrk, `tcg Tuq vlbm pgbg zyex - vj tamgr sbtlln pr nng dmsx vvrk
Ieljttx - zsfhwgl ail akcsybmi hfbs khr gpmhzwrk cs Seiwek!
Dilnk, sj ehgwf mbts dqbq fsclnopr, gar qwwkgh gnzs eidt Embbjs!'
Dboop gnr fldjr, `Psikimhlp.'

`Pkwduwh!' fhiy Q, `gnvbr wk ixwy! - vioibpt lbwyd, ws iiml bx qsgqq! -
Ajsgnvr myxpmmf fwbg, vr rprzusc bjqrsfz kolmpd mpsr zsel anpbxr,
Rpatpchr evt tfw uglohfhrk, oi buof rpajvv zntu egwsagbsq -
Gb goin pbsr pj ptvtce nrugnpd - mmzy es gyugg, V ozdwwwi -
Kg gnvrx - cd tamfr toyt ii Ovrroo? - bjpn ar - zvle gp, I budygfr!'
Xujbu zus ciaip, `Brbvrfice.'

`Izcczsg!' zadl V, `zuwyo tj gjvr! - grhjsem ahvdz, vm bdzq ue rpdnp!
Dm gnrt Aylvxv hush olnya nhbjp cx - fa hugk Ghx he uwhu srbye -
Omyr gvta xswz jokh licrhe znvsa pf, rqgnvb epj hkggget Tcoegv,
Wg kvnsl xtnyc o dinrvsq sriwyy wawa gzs nugztf tnapl Qipcek -
Tltma a kifr sbq yayqntg alqiip, kuud tay lnzmzf fozld Gmaues?'
Bctxj huk iaoyy, `Nxdseecel.'

`Bz bugg kzzi swf foxn hz aakbway, pvyd jz sorbo!' Q xltwrqvd njdttzhvfu -
`Tlt oprk oons nrvc gnv txgaelb oav hul Ndouz'f Dwcyspwnt jhhlp!
Lxijr fc osaxs crhap ix e vcxke oy nsam twr lvl zopt uggv dxtogb!
Ykrvx gj lhvsyabrzs pvoxbypv! - vykh gnv bnme auwjr em qvom!
Bnqr hsg gicy sxfm hoe mr psnjh, nud oixk gvj ntvo teud oyz xy wwce!'
Iibah opr xnjpv, `Sixsesfrx.'

Uyd mps esjru, nzdrx sztbympu, fzzle cd sbbhvfu, faigt vy fwebnri
Ca zye iuwlbl phkh bm Pvtygf xfay edcik dy vblmumf qgce;
Hny pvy rmpa mexs nrc tay dexuway cs h dzubt'f hsiy mu rekrmbhr,
Agl huw zntp-gqtng c'pz mmo ggxvafcyg mpfbog ups npnjbk zv ylg tyufr;
Tho mr achd tevm jcg zuoe amefcj zyam ftel nzbshvug jv gnr twwtv
Uvnrc bx ftfmmr - awjrymjzr!

## Sunday, August 19, 2007

### 221 Mircosoft Shortcuts

1
Ctrl + Shift + A
AllCaps
Makes the selection all capitals (toggle)

2
Alt + Ctrl + 1
Applies Heading 1 style to the selected text

3
Alt + Ctrl + 2
Applies Heading 2 style to the selected text

4
Alt + Ctrl + 3
Applies Heading 3 style to the selected text

5
Ctrl + Shift + L
ApplyListBullet
Applies List Bullet style to the selected text

6
Alt + F10
AppMaximize
Enlarges the application window to full size

7
Alt + F5
AppRestore
Restores the application window to normal size

8
Ctrl+B
Bold
Makes the selection bold (toggle)

9
Ctrl + PgDn
BrowseNext

10
Ctrl + PgUp
BrowsePrev

11
Alt + Ctrl + Home
BrowseSel
Select the next/prev browse object

12
Esc
Cancel
Terminates an action

13
Ctrl+E
CenterPara
Centers the paragraph between the indents

14
Shift+F3
ChangeCase
Changes the case of the letters in the selection

15
Left arrow
CharLeft
Moves the insertion point to the left one character

16
Shift + Left arrow
CharLeftExtend
Extends the selection to the left one character

17
Rt arrow
CharRight
Moves the insertion point to the right one character

18
Shift + Rt arrow
CharRightExtend
Extends the selection to the right one character

19
Alt + Shift + C
ClosePane
Closes the active window pane (if you are in Normal View and have, for example, the Footnote pane open)

20
Alt+Drag (or press Ctrl + Shift + F8 and drag, but Alt + Drag is far easier!)
ColumnSelect
Selects a columnar block of text

21
Ctrl +Shift+C
CopyFormat
Copies the formatting of the selection

22
Shift + F2
CopyText
Makes a copy of the selection without using the clipboard (press Return to paste)

23
Alt + F3
CreateAutoText
Adds an AutoText entry to the active template

24
Ctrl+ Backspace
DeleteBackWord
Deletes the previous word without putting it on the Clipboard

25
Ctrl + Del
DeleteWord
Deletes the next word without putting it on the Clipboard

26
Ctrl+W, Ctrl+F4
DocClose
Prompts to save the document and then closes the active window. (But doesn't intercept the menu command)

27
Ctrl + F10
DocMaximize
Enlarges the active window to full size

28
Ctrl + F7
DocMove
Changes the position of the active window

29
Ctrl + F5
DocRestore
Restores the window to normal size

30
Ctrl + F8
DocSize
Changes the size of the active window

31
Alt + Ctrl + S
DocSplit
Splits the active window horizontally and then adjusts the split

32
Alt + Shift + F9
DoFieldClick
Executes the action associated with macrobutton fields

33
Ctrl + Shift + D
DoubleUnderline
Double underlines the selection (toggle)

34
Alt R, G
DrawGroup
Groups the selected drawing objects

35
Alt R, I
DrawSnapToGrid
Sets up a grid for aligning drawing objects

36
Alt R, U
DrawUngroup
Ungroups the selected group of drawing objects

37
Ctrl+Shift+F5 (Or: Alt I, K)
EditBookmark
Brings up the bookmark dialog

38
Del
EditClear
Performs a forward delete or removes the selection without putting it on the Clipboard

39
Ctrl+C
EditCopy
Copies the selection and puts it on the Clipboard

40
Ctrl+X
EditCut
Cuts the selection and puts it on the Clipboard

41
Ctrl+F
EditFind
Finds the specified text or the specified formatting

42
F5, Ctrl+G
EditGoTo
Jumps to a specified place in the active document

43
Alt E, K
Allows links to be viewed, updated, opened, or removed

44
Ctrl+V
EditPaste
Inserts the Clipboard contents at the insertion point

45
Alt E, S
EditPasteSpecial
Inserts the Clipboard contents as a linked object, embedded object, or other format

46
Alt + Shift + Backspc
EditRedo
Redoes the last action that was undone

47
F4
EditRedoOrRepeat
Repeats the last command, or redoes the last action that was undone (unfortunately, doesn't work for as many commands in Word 2000 as in Word 97 and below, but this is still one of Word's most useful shortcuts, if not the most useful)

48
Ctrl+H
EditReplace
Finds the specified text or the specified formatting and replaces it

49
Ctrl+A
EditSelectAll
Selects the entire document

50
Ctrl+Z
EditUndo
Reverses the last action

51
Alt + PageDn (to select to end of column, use Alt + Shift + PgDn)
EndOfColumn
Moves to the last cell in the current table column

52
Ctrl+Shift+End
EndOfDocExtend
Extends the selection to the end of the last line of the document

53
Ctrl+End
EndOfDocument
Moves the insertion point to the end of the last line of the document

54
End
EndOfLine
Moves the insertion point to the end of the current line

55
Shift+End
EndOfLineExtend
Extends the selection to the end of the current line

56
Alt+End
EndOfRow
Moves to the last cell in the current row

57
Alt + Ctrl + PgDn
EndOfWindow
Moves the insertion point to the end of the last visible line on the screen

58
Shift + Alt + Ctrl + PgDn
EndOfWindowExtend
Extends the selection to the end of the last visible line on the screen

59
F8 (press Esc to turn off)
ExtendSelection
Turns on extend selection mode and then expands the selection with the direction keys

60
Alt + F4 (<9>)
FileCloseOrExit
Closes the current document, or if no documents are open, quits Word. Horrible command, as it makes it a long winded business to quit Word. But there's a simple solution - assign Alt+F4 to FileExit instead.

61
Alt + F4 (Word 97)
FileExit
Quits Microsoft Word and prompts to save the documents (does intercept the menu item, but not the keyboard shortcut, or the x button. An AutoExit macro is usually a better way of intercepting this).

62
NOT Ctrl+N!!
FileNew
Creates a new document or template (brings up the dialog). Note that: Word pretends that Ctrl+N is assigned to FileNew but it isn't, it's assigned to FileNewDefault You can fix this in Word 2000 by assigning Ctrl+N to the FileNewDialog command. In Word 97 the only way to fix it is to create a macro called FileNew (to do this, press Alt + F8, type "FileNew" without the quotes and Click "Create". The macro will automatically contain the code needed to make it work).

63
Ctrl+N
FileNewDefault
Creates a new document based on the Normal template.

64
Ctrl+O
FileOpen
Opens an existing document or template

65
Alt F, U
FilePageSetup
Changes the page setup of the selected sections

66
Ctrl + P
FilePrint
Prints the active document (brings up the dialog)

67
Ctrl+F2
FilePrintPreview
Displays full pages as they will be printed

68
Alt F, I
FileProperties
Shows the properties of the active document

69
Ctrl+S
FileSave
FileSave

70
Alt F, A (or F12)
FileSaveAs
Saves a copy of the document in a separate file (brings up the dialog)

71
Ctrl+Shift+F
Font
Activates the Fonts listbox on the formatting toolbar

72
Ctrl+Shift+P
FontSizeSelect
Activates the Font Size drop-down on the formatting toolbar

73
Alt + Ctrl + K
FormatAutoFormat
Automatically formats a document (or sometimes, automatically screws it up)

74
Alt O, B
FormatBordersAndSha ding
Changes the borders and shading of the selected paragraphs, table cells, and pictures

75
Alt O, E
FormatChangeCase
Changes the case of the letters in the selection

76
Alt O, C
FormatColumns
Changes the column format of the selected sections (brings up the dialog)

77
Alt O, D
FormatDropCap
Formats the first character of current paragraph as a dropped capital (must select it first)

78
Ctrl+D
FormatFont
Brings up the Format + Font dialog

79
Alt + Shift + R
Links the current header/footer to the previous section (but does not intercept the button on the Header Footer toolbar)

80
Alt O, P
FormatParagraph
Brings up the Format Paragraph dialog

81
Alt O, S
FormatStyle
Applies, creates, or modifies styles

82
Alt O, T
FormatTabs
Brings up the Format Tabs dialog

83
Shift + F5
GoBack
Returns to the previous insertion point (goes back to up to 3 points, then returns to where you started; this is one of the most useful shortcuts of them all. Also useful when opening a document, if you want to g straight to where you were last editing it)

84
Ctrl + >
GrowFont
Increases the font size of the selection

85
Ctrl + ]
GrowFontOnePoint
Increases the font size of the selection by one point

86
Ctrl + T (or drag the ruler)
HangingIndent
Increases the hanging indent

87
F1
Help
Microsoft Word Help

88
Shift + F1
HelpTool
Lets you get help on a command or screen region or examine text properties

89
Ctrl + Shift + H
Hidden
Makes the selection hidden text (toggle)

90
Click on it

91
Ctrl + M (or drag the ruler)
Indent
Moves the left indent to the next tab stop

92
Alt + Ctrl + M (or Alt I, M)
InsertAnnotation
Inserts a comment

93
F3
InsertAutoText
Replaces the name of the AutoText entry with its contents

94
Alt I, B
InsertBreak
Ends a page, column, or section at the insertion point

95
Alt I, C
InsertCaption
Inserts a caption above or below a selected object

96
Ctrl + Shift + Return
InsertColumnBreak
Inserts a column break at the insertion point

97
Alt + Shift + D
InsertDateField
Inserts a date field

98
Alt + Ctrl + D
InsertEndnoteNow
Inserts an endnote reference at the insertion point without displaying the dialog

99
Alt I, F
InsertField
Inserts a field in the active document

100
Ctrl+F9
InsertFieldChars
Inserts an empty field with the enclosing field characters

101
Alt I, L
InsertFile
Inserts the text of another file into the active document

102
Alt I, N
InsertFootnote
Inserts a footnote or endnote reference at the insertion point

103
Alt + Ctrl + F
InsertFootnoteNow
Inserts a footnote reference at the insertion point without displaying the dialog

104
Ctrl + K

105
Alt I, D
InsertIndexAndTable s

106
Alt + Ctrl + L
InsertListNumField
Inserts a ListNum Field

107
Alt + Shift + F
InsertMergeField
Brings up a dialog to insert a mail merge field at the insertion point. (It does not intercept the button on the Mail merge. toolbar)

108
Ctrl + Return
InsertPageBreak
Inserts a page break at the insertion point

109
Alt + Shift + P
InsertPageField
Inserts a page number field

110
Ctrl + Shift + F3
InsertSpike
Empties the spike AutoText entry and inserts all of its contents into the document

111
Alt + Shift + T
InsertTimeField
Inserts a time field

112
Ctrl + I
Italic
Makes the selection italic (toggle)

113
Ctrl + J
JustifyPara
Aligns the paragraph at both the left and the right indent

114
Ctrl + L
LeftPara
Aligns the paragraph at the left indent

115
Down arrow
LineDown
Moves the insertion point down one line

116
Shift + down arrow
LineDownExtend
Extends the selection down one line

117
Up arrow
LineUp
Moves the insertion point up one line

118
Shift + up arrow
LineUpExtend
Extends the selection up one line

119
Ctrl + F11
LockFields
Locks the selected fields to prevent updating

120
Alt + Shift + K
MailMergeCheck
Checks for errors in a mail merge

121
Alt+Shift+E
MailMergeEditDataSo urce
Lets you edit a mail merge data source

122
Alt + Shift + N
MailMergeToDoc
Collects the results of the mail merge in a document

123
Alt Shift + M
MailMergeToPrinter
Sends the results of the mail merge to the printer

124
Alt + Shift + I
MarkCitation
Marks the text you want to include in the table of authorities

125
Alt + Shift + X
MarkIndexEntry
Marks the text you want to include in the index

126
Alt + Shift + O
MarkTableOfContents Entry

127
Alt or F10

128
Alt + Shift + F11
MicrosoftScriptEdit or
Starts or switches to Microsoft Development Environment application, allowing you to view the HTML/XML source code that would be behind the document if it were in ..htm format (or that is behind it if it already is in .htm format).

129
Alt + Ctrl + F1
MicrosoftSystemInfo
Execute the Microsoft System Info application

130
F2
MoveText
Moves the selection to a specified location without using the clipboard (press Return to execute the more)

131
Tab
NextCell
Moves to the next table cell

132
F11
NextField
Moves to the next field

133
Alt + F7
NextMisspelling
Find next spelling error

134
Alt + down arrow
NextObject
Moves to the next object on the page

135
Ctrl + F6
NextWindow
Switches to the next document window, equivalent to selecting a document from the Window menu.

136
Ctrl+Shift+N
NormalStyle
Applies the Normal style

137
Ctrl + 0
OpenOrCloseUpPara
Sets or removes extra spacing above the selected paragraph

138
F6
OtherPane
Switches to another window pane in Normal View (for instance, if you have if you have a Footnotes pane open in Normal view and want to switch to the main document and back without closing the pane).

139
Alt + _
OutlineCollapse
Collapses an Outline in Outline View by one level

140
Alt+Shift+rt arrow
OutlineDemote
Demotes the selected paragraphs one heading level

141
Alt + +
OutlineExpand
Expands an Outline in Outline View by one level

142
Alt+Shift+down arrow
OutlineMoveDown
Moves the selection below the next item in the outline

143
Alt+Shift+up arrow
OutlineMoveUp
Moves the selection above the previous item in the outline

144
Alt+Shift+left arrow
OutlinePromote
Promotes the selected paragraphs one heading level

145
Alt + Shift + L
OutlineShowFirstLin e
Toggles between showing the first line of each paragraph only or showing all of the body text in the outline

146
Ins
Overtype
Toggles the typing mode between replacing and inserting

147
PgDn
PageDown
Moves the insertion point and document display to the next screen of text

148
Shift+ PgDn
PageDownExtend
Extends the selection and changes the document display to the next screen of text

149
PgUp
PageUp
Moves the insertion point and document display to the previous screen of text

150
Shift + PgUp
PageUpExtend
Extends the selection and changes the document display to the previous screen of text

151
Ctrl + down arrow
Moves the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph

152
Shift + Ctrl + down arrow
Extends the selection to the beginning of the next paragraph

153
Ctrl + up arrow
ParaUp
Moves the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph

154
Shift + Ctrl + up arrow
ParaUpExtend
Extends the selection to the beginning of the previous paragraph

155
Ctrl+Shift+V
PasteFormat
Applies the previously copied formatting to selection

156
Shift + Tab
PrevCell
Moves to the previous table cell

157
Shift + F11
PrevField
Moves to the previous field

158
Alt + up arrow
PrevObject
Moves to the previous object on the page

159
Ctrl + Shift + F6
PrevWindow
Switches back to the previous document window

160
Sfift+F4
RepeatFind
Repeats Go To or Find to find the next occurrence

161
Ctrl+Spacebar
ResetChar
Makes the selection the default character format of the applied style

162
Ctrl+Q
ResetPara
Makes the selection the default paragraph format of the applied style

163
Ctrl +R
RightPara
Aligns the paragraph at the right indent

164
Ctrl + *
ShowAll
Shows/hides all nonprinting characters

165
Alt + Shift + A
Displays all of the heading levels and the body text in Outline View

166
Ctrl + <
ShrinkFont
Decreases the font size of the selection

167
Ctrl + [
ShrinkFontOnePoint
Decreases the font size of the selection by one point

168
Ctrl + Shift + K
SmallCaps
Makes the selection small capitals (toggle)

169
Ctrl + 1
SpacePara1
Sets the line spacing to single space

170
Ctrl + 5
SpacePara15
Sets the line spacing to one-and-one- half space

171
Ctrl + 2
SpacePara2
Sets the line spacing to double space

172
Ctrl + F3
Spike
Deletes the selection and adds it to the "Spike" AutoText entry (which allows you to move text and graphics from nonadjacent locations)

173
Alt + PgUp
StartOfColumn
Moves to the first cell in the current column

174
Ctrl+Shift+Home
StartOfDocExtend
Extends the selection to the beginning of the first line of the document

175
Ctrl +Home
StartOfDocument
Moves the insertion point to the beginning of the first line of the document

176
Home
StartOfLine
Moves the insertion point to the beginning of the current line

177
Shift+Home
StartOfLineExtend
Extends the selection to the beginning of the current line

178
Alt+Home
StartOfRow
Moves to the first cell in the current row

179
Alt+Ctrl+PgUp
StartOfWindow
Moves the insertion point to the beginning of the first visible line on the screen

180
Shift+ Alt+Ctrl+PgUp
StartOfWindowExtend
Extends the selection to the beginning of the first visible line on the screen

181
Strl + Shift + S
Style
Activates the Style drop-down on the Formatting toolbar

182
Ctrl + =
Subscript
Makes the selection subscript (toggle)

183
Ctrl + +
Superscript
Makes the selection superscript (toggle)

184
Ctrl + Shift + Q
SymbolFont
Applies the Symbol font to the selection

185
Alt A, F
TableAutoFormat
Applies a set of formatting to a table

186
Alt A, H
Toggles table headings attribute on and off

187
Alt + click
(Alt + drag to select several)
TableSelectColumn
Selects the current column in a table

188
Click in left margin
TableSelectRow
Selects the current row in a table

189
Alt + double-click
TableSelectTable
Selects an entire table

190
Alt + Ctrl + U
TableUpdateAutoForm at
Updates the table formatting to match the applied Table Autoformat settings

191
Shift + F9 (Alt + F9 toggles all field codes on or off)
ToggleFieldDisplay
Shows the field codes or the results for the selection (toggle)

192
Alt T, C
ToolsCustomize
Allows you to customizes the Word user interface (menus, keyboard and toolbars) and store the customizations in a template (defaults to Normal.dot, so be careful!)

193
Alt + F8
ToolsMacro
Runs, creates, deletes, or revises a macro

194
F7
ToolsProofing
Checks the spelling and grammar in the active document

195
Ctr.l + Shift + E
ToolsRevisionMarksT oggle
Toggles track changes for the active document

196
Shift + F7
ToolsThesaurus
Finds a synonym for the selected word

197
Ctrl+U
Underline
Formats the selection with a continuous underline (toggle)

198
Ctrl + Shift + T
(or drag the ruler)
UnHang
Decreases the hanging indent

199
Ctrl + Shift + M
(or drag the ruler)
UnIndent
Moves the left indent to the previous tab stop

200
Ctrl+Shift+F9
Permanently replaces the field codes with the results

201
Ctrl + Shift + F11
UnlockFields
Unlocks the selected fields for updating

202
F9
UpdateFields
Updates and displays the results of the selected fields

203
Ctrl + Shiift + F7
Copies the modified text of a linked file back to its source file

204
Hover over comment
ViewAnnotations
Show or hide the comment pane

205
Dbl-click the endnote reference
ViewEndnoteArea
If in Normal View, opens a pane for viewing and editing the endnote (toggle). If in Page/Print Layout View, switches from the body text to the endnote or vice versa

206
At + F9
ViewFieldCodes
Shows the field codes or results for all fields (toggle)

207
Dbl-click the footnote reference
ViewFootnoteArea
If in Normal View, opens a pane for viewing and editing the footnote (toggle). If in Page/Print Layout View, switches from the body text to the footnote or vice versa.

208
Alt V, F
ViewFootnotes
If in Normal View, opens a pane for viewing and editing footnotes and endnotes (toggle). If in Page/Print Layout View, switches from the body text to the footnotes/endnotes or vice versa.

209
Alt V, H
Displays header in page layout view

210
Alt V, N
(or Alt + Ctrl + N)
ViewNormal
Changes the editing view to normal view

211
Alt V, O
(or Alt + Ctrl + O)
ViewOutline
Displays a document's outline

212
Alt V, P
(or Alt + Ctrl + P)
ViewPage
Displays the page more-or-less as it will be printed, and allows editing (In Word 2000 the menu item is called Print Layout, but fortunately the command hasn't changed.

213
Alt + F11
ViewVBCode
Shows the VB editing environment (Tools + Macro + Visual Basic Editor)

214
Alt + left arrow
WebGoBack

215
Alt + rt arrow
WebGoForward

216
Alt W, A
WindowArrangeAll
Arranges windows as non-overlapping tiles

217
Ctrl + left arrow
WordLeft
Moves the insertion point to the left one word

218
Shift + Ctrl + left arrow
WordLeftExtend
Extends the selection to the left one word

219
Ctrl + rt arrow
WordRight
Moves the insertion point to the right one word

220
Shift + Ctrl + rt arrow
WordRightExtend
Extends the selection to the right one word

221
Ctrl + Shift + W
WordUnderline
Underlines the words but not the spaces in the selection (toggle)

## Friday, August 17, 2007

### Empty the Bucket Puzzle

You with your few friends are lost in a scorching heat in a desert. You have 3 buckets of water having certain amount of water in all of them (3 ltrs, 2 ltrs, 1 ltr ). Suddenly, you found someone in the desert who is in urgent need of an empty bucket. You decide to give him one of your bucket, but water being precious you have to empty the bucket without any water being wasted away. Also you have the bigger strange constraint while pouring in any bucket
you must double the contents of the bucket which receives the water.
One of your friend finds out the solution for the 3,2,1 problem as something like this
321 -- 141 --042

At this the stranger is startled and tells that this is possible for any amount of water in any bucket say a,b,c as far as they are natural numbers. HOW??

---

## Thursday, August 16, 2007

### Solution - Crimson Room

Solution to the famous Crimson Room Puzzle posted on 9th June 2007
Firstly you need to know a four digit code that is different for different computers at http://takagism.fasco-cs.com/yellow_chamber.html. Now go about for the solution as below
1. Click anywhere to leave the ceiling viewpoint and get to the first screen.
2. Click on the right wall to turn and face the window.
3. Click the curtains once and pick up the silver key on the window ledge.
4. Click the curtains a five more times and something will drop out of them. Pick up the thick ring.
5. Click the curtains again and then the pillow (bottom-right) to turn towards the bed.
6. Click the pillow and pick up the golden key.
7. Look at the diagonal edge between yellow and white at the bottom left of your screen. Click just to the yellow side of this line to be taken to a viewpoint down the side of the bed. Pick up the metal stick.
9. Click at the foot of the bed to face the blank wall.
10. Look at the diagonal edge between red and purple at the bottom left of your screen - the one nearer the centre. Click slightly to the purple side of this line to see another part of the bed. Pick up the battery.
11. Click the red wall to be taken to the chest of drawers viewpoint.
12. Click the shadow under the chest of drawers to look underneath it. Pick up the cassette.
13. Click the chest of drawers to go back to the chest of drawers viewpoint.
14. Click the golden key and use it on the left-hand keyhole to open it. Open the drawer and take the power cable.
15. Click the silver key and use it on the right-hand keyhole to open it. Open the drawer and take the red box.
16. Click the dish to look closer at it. Pick up the thin ring.
17. Click the speaker on the left to look at the CD player. Click the power cable and use it on the CD player. Click the power button (top left) to turn it on. Click the CD drawer to open it. Pick up the third key.
18. Click the red box. Put the thick ring in the circular hole on the left, the thin ring in the hole on the right, and the metal stick in the long hole. Click the lid to open it.
19. Put the battery in the space next to the other battery, the cassette in the cassette-shaped hole, and click the lens to play a video.
20. Watch carefully through the video. Towards the end, the man will stop dancing and point at a small area on the screen. A tiny crosshair will flash here several times. Position your mouse pointer over the crosshair and wait for the end of the video.
21. Click the otherwise unremarkable area of wall where the crosshair was three times. A red square will outline itself on the wall. Click it to open it and reveal a safe.
22. Click the safe to look closer at it. Click the numbers to set the combination to the four-digit number you learned in the Yellow Chamber. Use the third key on the keyhole to open it. Pick up the screwdriver.
23. Click the red wall on the right to return to the chest of drawers viewpoint. Click the blue door (bottom right) to look at the door. Click the door again to look closer at the doorknob.
24. Use the screwdriver on the doorknob to remove it. Click the hole it leaves behind to open the door...

## Monday, August 13, 2007

### Y2K Bug caused global warming !!!!

Great article for the climate bugs that said
Not only are the methods for gathering climate change data inaccurate, but there was also a bug in the NASA Climate Data. As it turned out, a Y2K bug caused 1998 to appear as the hottest year on record, when in reality 1934 was. Also, after NASA corrected their records, 5 of the 10 hottest years on record occurred before WWII (after WWII, industry boomed, and CO2 levels began to rise). If human activity is supposed to be the cause of global warming, how can the 5 years before industry boomed be explained?
Well now, even the the global warming sounds dubious. Everything is supposed to be because of the human activities around. But not even the used bombing in WW II could make an effort to be the hottest year.
Get more about the same at

## Sunday, August 12, 2007

### Hacker Puzzle

Visit the puzzle at Hacker Puzzle
To solve this puzzle you will have to find the secret files on the server. That is. you will have to find the correct url to go to the next page using the hint given in the current page. Pretty simple but good enough to refresh you out of your work
For instance:
First Page url is http://www.freestuffhotdeals.com/hacker/1.html and it shows 1 written at the middle of the page. The next page will be http://www.freestuffhotdeals.com/hacker/2.html
That means changing the url to 2.html

Give it a try, you only need a little general knowledge to further and further.

Here is the solution for the Hacker puzzle. See it only when you are stuck:
Page 1: http://www.freestuffhotdeals.com/hacker/1.html Content : 1
Page 2: http://www.freestuffhotdeals.com/hacker/2.html Content: two
Page 3: three.html Content: iii
Page 4: iv.html Content: ruof
Page 5: evif Content: ffiivvee
Page 6: ssiixx.html Content: 666666
Page 7: 7777777.html Content: uranus - 7th Planet, use the 8th planet now
Page 8: neptune.html Content: acht - 8 in german counting, use 9 in german
Page 9: neun.html Content: sept - ninth month, use the 10th month
Page 10: oct.html Content: 10 of spade, use jack
Page 11: jack.html Content:eLeVeN - use twelve in the same pattern
Page 12: tWeLvE.html Content: 144 - square of 12, use square of 13
Page 13: 169.html Content: number13 in black background, so not visible, select the content reveals it
Page 14: number14.html Content:catorce - 14 in spanish , use 15 in spanish
Page 15: quince.html Content: buchanan - 15th president of USA, use 16th president of USA
Page 16: lincoln.html Content: sédecim - 16 in latin, use 17 in latin
Page 17: septendecim.html Content: 10001 - 17 in binary, use 18 in binary
Page 18: 10010.html Content: argon - The 18th element in periodic table, use 19th element
Page 19: potassium.html Content: ojofuffo - replacing every character of nineteen with the next letter, use the same for twenty
Page 20: uxfouz.html Content: icosagon - 20 sided polygon, use the 21 sided polygon name
Page 21: icosihenagon.html Content: 10946 - 21st term in Fibonacci series, use the 22nd
Page 22: 17711.html Content: Vooey - as with the pattern given, use the same pattern
Page 23: Woody.html and that is it........ you have finished the puzzle

## Saturday, August 11, 2007

### Solution to Microsoft Direction Puzzle

The solution to the Microsoft Direction Puzzle posted on 25th July. Please visit the puzzle if unseen.

Several suggested a set of points 1 mile north of the South Pole. This is not a legitimate answer, because once you arrive at the South Pole, you can not proceed to "walk" eastwardly. Any forward motion whatsoever is, by definition, northward. And I just can't accept stationary spinning as a form of walking.

However, that is very close to the answer, both in concept and in location. Back up an infinitesimal distance further north (slightly more than a mile away from the South Pole). You now have a "ring" around the globe, an infinite set of points all slightly more than a mile away from the South Pole. From any one of these points, following the southern directed 1 mile trek, you will end up just north of the South Pole. You now *can* walk east for 1 mile. You will complete a LOT of tiny circles around the South Pole. If your rings of starting points was located at the proper distance away, you will complete the 1 mile eastward trek exactly where you started that leg of the journey (completing exactly "N" circles). And then you can follow your path in the snow (north this time) back to the exact starting point!

But wait, that's not all. Let's start over. This time start from another ring that is slightly further north. Just the right distance away from the South Pole so that your eastward 1 mile trek will complete exactly "n-1" complete circles. Now you have found 2 rings, each with an infinite number of points.

As you might imagine, you can keep backing up further north, creating add'l starting point rings, until you are about 1.16 miles away from the South Pole, at which point, following your 1 mile southward trek, your eastward leg will complete only 1 full circle. At this point, you will have found "N" rings.

So, you will have N rings starting just slightly more than 1.00 miles away from the South Pole, and ending at about 1.16 miles away.

N = infinity, since the closer you get to 1.00 miles away will work, as long as you can complete exactly "n" circles during the eastward trek. As you can see, there are actually "I^2+1" points that work, where I = infinity. The "+1" brings in the one point in the Northern hemisphere that also works, which is, of course, the North Pole (pick either true or magnetic north).

---

## Sunday, August 5, 2007

### Orbox B .. a highly addictive puzzle game

Highly addictive Orbox B, the fun puzzle game and the second part of the Orbox game. More interesting and harder than previous version.
Check it out the straight and remember the law of Newton, every matter continues to be in motion unless a it is opposed by another external force
Just find out the exit bby bouncing off the walls. Gets harder as you move further

Move on now!!!
Just hit the arrow keys to move yourself and mind it what direction you are off to every time you press the key

--

## Thursday, August 2, 2007

### Needle in a haystack Puzzle (Intuitional Puzzle)

Intuitions plays this puzzle. Lets work on finding the needle in the haystacks
It follows:
You are one of ten contestants in the game described as below:
A field contains 100 haystacks, 10 of them have a needle. On entering the field, the first contestant searches haystacks until he finds one that contains a needle. Assume that his search of each haystack is exhaustive - that is, if he can't find a needle in the haystack, there isn't one. Assume also that each needle is hidden deeply enough within its haystack that it cannot be found without seriously disturbing the haystack.

The second contestant then enters the field, and searches haystacks until he too finds a needle. He will not search any of the haystacks searched by the first contestant, because he knows that they never contained or no longer contain a needle. Each subsequent contestant repeats this process. The winner is the contestant who has searched the fewest haystacks before finding a needle.

Suppose that you could choose whether to be the first, second... tenth contestant. Would your intuition tell you:
1. choosing to search after certain number of contestants, at what position?
2. it doesn't really matter (the positions), choose any
Do tell the reasons for doing so!!
---